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鮑莫爾

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威廉·杰克·鲍莫尔 (William Jack Baumol)
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威廉·傑克·鮑莫爾 (William Jack Baumol)
威廉·傑克·鮑莫爾 (William Jack Baumol)

目錄

  • 1 簡介
  • 2 AWARDS & HONORS
  • 3 PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES
  • 4 BOOKS PUBLISHED

簡介

  威廉·傑克·鮑莫爾(William Jack Baumol,1922年2月26日-),美國經濟學家,普林斯頓大學榮譽退休高級研究員和經濟學教授,紐約大學經濟學教授。鮑莫爾是30多本書的作者、合著者和編輯,這些書被翻譯成10多種文字。鮑莫爾還為美國一些最知名的企業做過咨詢。他的個人著作包括《微觀經濟學》、《超公平主義》、《企業家精神》、《管理學》以及《支付結構》;在他和別人合編的著作中,包括《生產力和美國的領先地位》。

  威廉·鮑莫爾的理論頗具原創性,在經濟學領域很有影響力。在超過半個世紀的時間里,他一直保持著旺盛的創作精力和廣泛的興趣。他長期在普林斯頓大學任教,在企業行為理論、產業結構理論、通貨膨脹理論、藝術品市場、環境政策以及競爭政策領域,都有傑出的貢獻。

  在80歲高齡的時候,鮑莫爾出版了《資本主義的增長奇跡——自由市場創新機器》一書,將其持續了三四十年的創新研究進行了系統總結。這本書分為三個部分:第一部分論證寡頭壟斷的自由市場,創新將不可避免。經濟增長將自動得到保證,顯然這是約瑟夫·熊彼特(Joseph Alois Schumpeter)當年提出來的命題;第二部分對微觀經濟學理論的一些工具進行了改造,來適應處理創新問題的需要;第三部分用長期巨集觀經濟學方式研究歷史上的增長。中心思想很清楚:增長的發動機最終依賴於制度規則,自由市場的資本主義或許不是最優的技術進步體制,但和其他的經濟制度比,卻是最不壞的制度。

  鮑莫爾較廣為人知的研究有可競爭市場、交易性貨幣需求的鮑莫爾-托賓模型、鮑莫爾成本病、庇古稅等。

  2006年,美國經濟學會的年度會議中,特別地以鮑莫爾的名字為名召開,會中更介紹了鮑莫爾教授12篇有關企業家精神的論文,推崇尊敬他多年來在這方面的研究貢獻。

  • Born February 26, 1922, New York, NY
  • Married, two children
  • BSS College of the City of New York, 1942
  • Ph.D University of London, 1949
  • 1942-1943 and 1946: Junior Economist, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
  • 1947-49: Assistant Lecturer, London School of Economics
  • 1949-92: Professor of Economics, Princeton University
  • 1992-current: Senior Research Economist and Professor of Economics, Emeritus, Princeton University
  • 1971-current: Professor of Economics and Director, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University
鲍莫尔签名
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鮑莫爾簽名

AWARDS & HONORS

  • 1953 Fellow, Econometric Society
  • 1957-58 Guggenheim Fellow
  • 1960-70 Trustee, Rider College
  • 1965 Honorary LL.D, Rider College (Trustee Emeritus)
  • 1965-66 Ford Faculty Fellowship
  • 1970 Honorary Fellow, London School of Economics
  • 1971 Honorary Doctorate, Stockholm School of Economics
  • 1973 Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters, Knox College
  • 1973 Honorary Doctorate, University of Basel
  • 1975 John R. Commons Award, Omicron Delta Epsilon
  • 1975 Townsend Harris Medal, Alumni Association of the City College of New York
  • 1982 Distinguished Fellow, American Economic Association

  • 1984 Distinguished Member, Economic Association of Puerto Rico
  • 1986 Winner, Assoc. of American Publishers Award for Best Book in Business, Management and Economics, Superfairness: Applications and Theory
  • 1987 Recipient, Frank E. Seidman Distinguished Award in Political Economy
  • 1988 Joseph Douglas Green 1895 Professor of Economics, Princeton University
  • 1989 Winner, Assoc. of Am. Publishers Annual Awards for Excellence in Publishing, Honorable Mention in Social Sciences, Productivity and American Leadership: The Long View
  • 1992 Recipient, First Senior Scholar in the Arts and Sciences Award, New York University
  • 1996 Honorary Degree, University of Limburg, Maastricht, Holland
  • 1996 Honorary Professorship, University of Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina

PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES

  • Member, Committee to set up the Don Patinkin School of Economics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
  • Chairman, Harvard University Visiting Committee, Dept. of Economics, 1995
  • Member, American Philosophical Society
  • Member, Advisory Board, Insurance Information Institute Press
  • Chairman, Overseers' Committee to Visit the Dept. of Economics, Harvard University
  • Member, Advisory Board, Journal of Economic Perspectives
  • Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Cultural Economics
  • Principal Investigator, Students at Risk Comm., Inst. for Education & Social Policy
  • Member, Advisory Committee, World Resources Institute (founding member)
  • Member, Editorial Advisory Board, Supreme Court Economic Review
  • Member, Board of Trustees, Joint Council on Economic Education
  • Member, Advisory Committee, Center for Entrepreneurial Studies, Graduate School of Business Administration, New York University
  • Member, Board of Directors, Theater Development Fund
  • Member, National Science Foundation review panel for Science and Technology Research Centers
  • Member, Advisory Board, Fishman-Davidson Center for the Study of the Service Sector, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania
  • Member, National Academy of Sciences
  • Correspondent, Committee on Human Rights, National Academy of Sciences
  • Member, Committee on the National Institute for the Environment, National Academy of Sciences
  • Member, Board of Consultants, Economia, Revista Quadrimestral (Portugal)
  • Member, American Academy of Arts and Sciences
  • Member, Executive Committee, V.P. (1966-67), American Economic Association
  • Past President, American Economic Association (1981), Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (1979), Eastern Economic Association (1978-79), Atlantic Economic Society (1985)
  • Past Chairman and Member, Economic Policy Council, State of New Jersey (1967-75)
  • Past Vice President, American Association of University Professors
  • Past Vice President, AAUP (1968-70) and Chairman, Committee on Economic Status of the Profession (1962-70)
  • Various times on Boards of Editors for American Economic Review, Kyklos, Journal of Economic Literature, Management Science, Economic Notes (Italy), Journal of Economic Education, Impresa e Concorrenza (Italy) THESIS: Theory and History of Economic and Social Institutions and Structures (USSR)
  • Director, Consultants in Industry Economics, Inc.
  • Frequent consultant to government and industry, in U.S. and many other countries.

BOOKS PUBLISHED

  • Economic Dynamics (with R. Turvey), 1951, 1959, 1970
  • Welfare Economics and the Theory of the State, 1952, 1965.
  • Economic Processes and Policies (with L.V. Chandler), 1954
  • Business Behavior, Value and Growth, 1959, 1966
  • What Price Economic Growth?, (with Klaus Knorr), 1961
  • Economic Theory and Operations Analysis, 1961, 1965, 1972, 1976
  • The Stock Market and Economic Efficiency, 1965
  • Performing Arts: The Economic Dilemma (with W.G. Bowen), 1966
  • Precursors in Mathematical Economics: An Anthology (with S.M. Goldfeld), 1968
  • Portfolio Theory: The Selection of Asset Combinations, 1970
  • Economics of Academic Libraries (with M. Marcus), 1973
  • The Theory of Environmental Policy (with W.E. Oates), 1975, 1988
  • Selected Economic Writings of William J. Baumol, E.E. Bailey, ed., 1976
  • Economics, Environmental Policy, and the Quality of Life (with W.E. Oates and S.A. Batey Blackman), 1979
  • Economics: Principles and Policy (with A.S. Blinder), 1979, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1991 and 1994
  • Public and Private Enterprise in a Mixed Economy (editor), 1980.
  • Contestable Markets and the Theory of Industry Structure (with R.D. Willig and J.C. Panzar), 1982, 1987
  • Inflation and the Performing Arts (editor with H. Baumol), 1984
  • Productivity Growth and U.S. Competitiveness (editor with K. McLennan), 1985
  • Superfairness: Applications and Theory, 1986
  • Microtheory: Applications and Origins, 1986
  • The Information Economy and the Implications of Unbalanced Growth (with L. Osberg and E.N. Wolff), 1989
  • Productivity and American Leadership: The Long View (with S.A. Batey Blackman and E.N. Wolff), 1989
  • The Economics of Mutual Fund Markets: Competition vs. Regulation (with S.M. Goldfeld, L.A. Gordon and M.F. Koehn), 1990
  • Perfect Markets and Easy Virtue: Business Ethics and the Invisible Hand (with S.A. Batey Blackman), 1991
  • Entrepreneurship, Management and the Structure of Payoffs, 1993
  • Toward Competition in Local Telephony (with Gregory Sidak), 1994
  • Convergence of Productivity: Cross-National Studies and Historical Evidence (ed. with R.R. Nelson & E.N. Wolff), 1994
  • Transmission Pricing and Stranded Costs in the Electric Power Industry (with Gregory Sidak), 1995
  • Assessing Educational Practices: The Contribution of Economics (ed. with W.E. Becker), 1995
  • Microeconomics: Principles and Policy (ed. with A.S. Blinder), 1996
  • Plus some 400 articles published in professional journals.