俄亥俄州立大學（Ohio State University,OSU）是一所四年制公立大學，成立於1870年。俄亥俄州立大學它由哥倫布的主校園和位於利馬、曼斯菲爾德、馬利恩、直布羅陀島、紐瓦克和渥斯特的五所分校組成。它的寵物是一顆橡樹。此大學現被《美國新聞與世界報道》雜誌評為公立學校中第19名，所有學校中前60名，並是俄亥俄州排名第一的公立學校。
俄亥俄州立大學的校友中包括兩名諾貝爾獎獲得者，Paul Flory(1974年諾貝爾化學獎得主)和William A. Fowler(1983年諾貝爾物理學獎得主)。
The Ohio State University was founded in 1870 as a land-grant university in accordance with the Morrill Act of 1862 under the name of the Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College. The school was originally situated within a farming community located on the northern edge of Columbus. While some interests in the state had hoped that the new university would focus on matriculating students of various agricultural and mechanical disciplines, Governor Rutherford B. Hayes foresaw a more classic, comprehensive university, and manipulated both the university's location and its initial board of trustees towards that end. Later that year, the university welcomed its first class of 24 students. In 1878, and in light of its expanded focus, the college permanently changed its name to the now-familiar "The Ohio State University" (with the article "The" as part of its official name).
Ohio State began accepting graduate students in the 1880s, and, in 1891, the school saw the founding of its law school, Moritz College of Law. It would later acquire colleges of medicine, dentistry, commerce and journalism in subsequent years.
Although development had been hindered in the 1870s by hostility from the state's agricultural interests and competition for resources from Miami University and Ohio University, both issues were eventually resolved. In 1906, Ohio State's status as the state's flagship campus was written into law by the Ohio legislature through the Eagleson Bill. In 1916, Ohio State was elected into membership in the Association of American Universities.
Ohio State’s faculty currently includes a Nobel Prize-winning physicist, twenty-one members of the National Academy of Sciences or National Academy of Engineering, four members of the Institute of Medicine,and 159 elected fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. In 2008, seventeen Ohio State faculty were elected as AAAS Fellows. Each year since 2002, Ohio State has either led or been second amongst all American universities in the number of their faculty elected as fellows to the AAAS..
In a recent study by Harvard University's Graduate School of Education, Ohio State was one of five universities rated as "exemplary" workplaces for junior faculty. In the study, thirty-one universities and eleven liberal arts colleges were evaluated on tenure clarity and fairness, nature of work including workloads, quality of students, and teaching environment, compensation, work and family balance, collegiality and overall satisfaction.
In the last quarter century, thirty-two Ohio State faculty members have been awarded the prestigious Guggenheim Fellowship, which is more than all other public and private Ohio universities combined. In 2008, three Ohio State faculty were awarded Guggenheim Fellowships, placing Ohio State among the top 15 universities in the nation.Since the 2000/2001 award year, fifty-five Ohio State faculty members have been named as Fulbright Fellows, the highest of any Ohio university.
In a 2007 report released by the National Science Foundation, Ohio State’s research expenditures for 2006 were $652 million, placing it 7th among public universities and 11th overall, also ranking 3rd among all American universities for private industry sponsored research. Research expenditures at Ohio State are $720 million in 2007. Ohio State also announced in 2006, that it would be designating at least $110 million of its research efforts to what it termed "fundamental concerns" such as research towards a cure for cancer, renewable energy sources and sustainable drinking water supplies.
- College of Dentistry
- College of Education
- School of Educational Policy and Leadership
- School of Physical Activity and Educational Services
- School of Teaching and Learning
- College of Engineering
- Austin E. Knowlton School of Architecture
- College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences
- Agricultural Technical Institute
- School of Natural Resources
- College of Human Ecology
- College of Medicine and Public Health
- School of Allied Medical Professions
- School of Biomedical Science
- School of Public Health
- College of Nursing
- College of Optometry
- College of Pharmacy
- College of Social Work
- College of Veterinary Medicine
- Colleges of the Arts and Sciences
- College of the Arts
- School of Music
- College of Biological Sciences
- College of Humanities
- College of Mathematical and Physical Sciences
- College of Social and Behavioral Sciences
- School of Journalism and Communication
- School of Public Policy and Management
- College of the Arts
- Graduate School
- Max M. Fisher College of Business
- Michael E. Moritz College of Law
- The Ohio State University Lima Campus
- The Ohio State University Mansfield Campus
- The Ohio State University Marion Campus
- Delaware Center
- The Ohio State University Newark Campus
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 The Ohio State University Timeline 1870 TO 1899, The Ohio State University Archives
- ↑ Ohio Revised Code § 3335.01
- ↑ Database of Institute of Medicine Members
- ↑ Database of American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellows
- ↑ Collaborative on Academic Careers in Higher Education (COACHE)
- ↑ Guggenheim Fellowship Database
- ↑ Fulbright Scholar Database
- ↑ National Science Foundation 2006 Research Expenditures